Home Travelling Health & Risk

Health and Risk in Laos

Health is important things to many people. Below you find some information about health and the risks when traveling in Laos. Read it quietly but remember that collecting and obtaining information from a professional such as your family doctor or specialized center tropics is most advisable.

Health
Laos has a tropical climate with all the associated health risks. There are tropical diseases. Many problems can be prevented and a good preparation and gathering of information is important.

Malaria
Malaria occurs throughout the country except the capital Vientiane and luang Prabang. Take the necessary precautions such as anti malaria pills (Malarone or Lariam) and spray your body with DEET (>30%). A mosquito net is also effective in preventing malaria. The wearing of clothing that is covering your body sufficient is a good way to prevent mosquito bites. Malaria is a serious threat to health and is found in many places in the world. Prudent measures have to be taken seriously.


Dengue fever (dengue)
Dengue fever is another problem which can be caused by mosquitoes. You can also to prevent this very serious disease, it is advisable to spraying and lubricate with DEET and paying attention. Unlike the malaria mosquite the dengue mosquito is active during day time

Vaccinations
please take advice from your local health center, vaccinations depends from person to person, the location and the length of your stay.

An overview of infectious diseases that you may encounter in Laos:
Hepatitis A - Recommended Vaccination
Hepatitis B - Vaccination recommended for those who travel long and frequent and undertake business risk activities (biking, tattoos, rafting, etc.) and people who have multiple sexual partners.
Yellow fever - if you come from a country with an endemic yellow fever vaccination is required for Laos
DTP (Diphtheria Tetanus Poliomyelitis - Vaccination recommended
Malaria - Risk throughout the year
Bilharzia - precautions recommended to prevent
Typhoid - For a stay longer than two weeks has been an vaccination recommended
Rabies (rabies) - For a longer stay in the country, vaccination is recommended.

For an overview and description of various diseases (not all of which occur in Laos), we refer you to this site: http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/laos.htm


A few tips:
- If you are seriously ill in Laos, contact home and contact your travel insurance (via an alarm line or hotline).
- Stay calm if necessary and do not panic.

Medications
• Personal prescription medications (copies of all prescriptions, including the generic names for medications, and a note from the prescribing physician on letterhead stationary for controlled substances and inject able medications should be carried)
• Antimalarial medications,
• Antidiarrhoeal medication (e.g., bismuth subsalicylate, loperamide)
• Antibiotic for self-treatment of moderate to severe diarrhoea
• Antihistamine
• Decongestant, alone or in combination with antihistamine
• Antimotion sickness medication
• Paracetamol (acetaminophen in USA), aspirin, ibuprofen, or other medication for pain or fever
• Mild laxative
• Cough suppressant/expectorant
• Throat lozenges
• Antacid
• Antifungal and antibacterial ointments or creams
• 1% hydrocortisone cream
• Epinephrine auto-injector (e.g., EpiPen), especially if history of severe allergic reaction. Also available in smaller-dose package for children.
Other Important Items
• Insect repellent containing DEET (up to 50%)
• Sunscreen (preferably SPF 15 or greater)
• Digital thermometer
• Oral rehydration solution packets (ORS)
• Basic first-aid items (adhesive bandages, gauze, ace wrap, antiseptic, tweezers, scissors, cotton-tipped applicators)
• Antibacterial hand wipes or alcohol-based hand sanitizer
• Moleskin for blisters
• Lubricating eye drops (e.g., Natural Tears)
• First Aid Quick Reference card


Other items that may be useful in certain circumstances
• Mild sedative (e.g., zolpidem) or other sleep aid
• Anti-anxiety medication
• High-altitude preventive medication
• Water purification tablets
• Commercial suture/syringe kits (to be used by local health-care provider. These items will also require a letter from the prescribing physician on letterhead stationary)
• Address and phone numbers of area hospitals or clinics

Important phone numbers in Laos
Ambulance: 195
Fire brigade: 190
Police: 191

Crime
The crime rate in Laos is low and that is positive.
Attacks on humans are very rare and the use of force is also very limited.
Of course it is wise to be vigilant and watch your stuff but extra concern is unnecessary.
Petty crime occurs, but is fortunately not a major problem in the country.
Places with lots of extra tourists often attract criminals but Laotians are generally honest people.




WARNING.

WE DO OUR BEST FOR THE LATEST INFORMATION TO MAKE GOOD AS POSSIBLE.
BUT WE CAN NOT GUARANTEE THAT ALL IS FULLY AND COMPLETELY ACCURATE.
TAKE YOUR HEALTH SERIOUSLY AND VISIT FOR A LONG TRIP OR A HOLIDAY IN A FAR COUNTRY FIRST A DOCTOR OR OTHER MEDICAL AUTHORITY!