This is believed to please Yama (Yamraj), the god of death, and to ward off untimely death. Variations of birthday songs and rituals exist in different parts of the world. [29][30] Newar Buddhists in Nepalese valleys also celebrate the Diwali festival over five days, in much the same way, and on the same days, as the Nepalese Hindu Diwali-Tihar festival. [51] In Nepal, it is also a multiday festival, although the days and rituals are named differently, with the climax being called the Tihar festival by Hindus and Swanti festival by Buddhists. Sometimes these are wrapped with edible silver foil (vark). [note 11] Contemporary Bengali celebrations mirror those found elsewhere, with teenage boys playing with fireworks and the sharing of festive food with family, but with the Shakti goddess Kali as the focus. [106] A symbolic piece of traditional fertiliser, a dried piece of cow dung, is included in the ensemble in Odisha and Deccan region villages, an agricultural motif according to Kinsley. You might like that just as in English, the French expressions for “happy birthday” are quite consistent. [84][85], Trade and merchant families and others also offer prayers to Saraswati, who embodies music, literature and learning and Kubera, who symbolises book-keeping, treasury and wealth management. [168], Diwali was first celebrated in the White House by George W. Bush in 2003 and was given official status by the United States Congress in 2007. Happy Birthday, Beautiful! In the UK, North America and Australia, the number of candles is equal to the age of the individual whose birthday it is, sometimes with one extra for luck. Hindu temples on this day prepare and present "mountains of sweets" to the faithful who have gathered for darshan (visit). [139], In some rural communities of the north, west and central regions, the fourth day is celebrated as Govardhan puja, honouring the legend of the Hindu god Krishna saving the cowherd and farming communities from incessant rains and floods triggered by Indra's anger,[139] which he accomplished by lifting the Govardhan mountain. English. [4], This day is commonly celebrated as Diwali in Tamil Nadu, Goa, and Karnataka. In this lesson we will have a look on an exciting birthday and party vocabulary! [119] Many visit their favourite Hindu temple. [17][128] According to Rachel Fell McDermott, a scholar of South Asian, particular Bengali, studies, in Bengal during Navaratri (Dussehra elsewhere in India) the Durga puja is the main focus, although in the eastern and north eastern states the two are synonymous, but on Diwali the focus is on the puja dedicated to Kali. [62][63][note 4][note 5], Publications from the British colonial era also made mention of Diwali, such as the note on Hindu festivals published in 1799 by Sir William Jones, a philologist known for his early observations on Sanskrit and Indo-European languages. [11][12][13][14] The festival is widely associated with Lakshmi, goddess of prosperity, with many other regional traditions connecting the holiday to Sita and Rama, Vishnu, Krishna, Yama, Yami, Durga, Kali, Hanuman, Ganesha, Kubera, Dhanvantari, or Vishvakarman. [49] It is mentioned in Sanskrit texts such as the Padma Purana and the Skanda Purana both of which were completed in the second half of the 1st millennium CE. A 2017 estimate states 50,000 tons (100 million pounds) of fireworks are exploded annually in India over the Diwali festival. How to Say Happy Birthday in 10 Languages. [106][140][141], The agricultural symbolism is also observed on this day by many Hindus as Annakut, literally "mountain of food". [136], This day ritually celebrates the bond between the wife and husband,[139] and in some Hindu communities, husbands will celebrate this with gifts to their wives. Diwali is also celebrated to mark the return of Rama to Ayodhya after defeating the demon-king Ravana and completing his fourteen years of exile. A sharing platform of English teaching materials. Found 6 sentences matching phrase "happy birthday".Found in 7 ms. Thank you for you being you! [80], Many Hindus associate the festival with Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth and prosperity, and wife of Vishnu. [66][note 6], Sanskrit inscriptions in stone and copper mentioning Diwali, occasionally alongside terms such as Dipotsava, Dipavali, Divali and Divalige, have been discovered at numerous sites across India. The inscription states that Ramachandracharya built and dedicated a drama performance hall, with a golden cupola, on Diwali. [40][81] Along with Lakshmi, who is representative of Vaishnavism, Ganesha, the elephant-headed son of Parvati and Shiva of Shaivism tradition, is remembered as one who symbolises ethical beginnings and the remover of obstacles. [1] However, the link between cakes and birthday celebrations may date back to ancient Roman times. Communities prepare over one hundred dishes from a variety of ingredients, which is then dedicated to Krishna before shared among the community. The birthday person is organising a party and all of the guests bring a present. Birthday cake with 'Happy Birthday Mum' message. Some Hindu communities mark the last day as Bhai Dooj or the regional equivalent, which is dedicated to the bond between sister and brother,[22] while other Hindu and Sikh craftsmen communities mark this day as Vishwakarma Puja and observe it by performing maintenance in their work spaces and offering prayers. Happy Birthday to my friend, life wouldn’t be the same without! - by Waverly Kong, SMK Taman Tunku, Miri, Sarawak Write a story in which you had to keep a friend's secret. [104] According to some observers, this traditional celebration by Newar Buddhists in Nepal, through the worship of Lakshmi and Vishnu during Diwali, is not syncretism but rather a reflection of the freedom within Mahayana Buddhist tradition to worship any deity for their worldly betterment. In this article, we'll learn how to wish someone a “happy birthday” in Korean, and explore various Korean expressions related to birthdays. happy birthday translation in English-Tswana dictionary. Happy Birthday in all languages of the world: How to say “Happy Birthday” or wish “Happy Birthday” in all world languages. Happy Birthday in Haryanvi language is said as Janamdin Mubarak ho. The Swedish birthday cake is made like a pound cake that is often topped with marzipan and decorated with the national flag. 8, 18-20. [114] Some Hindus observe Yama Deepa on the second night before the main day of Diwali. [135], The celebrations and rituals of the Jains and the Sikhs are similar to those of the Hindus where social and community bonds are renewed. Small business owners give gifts or special bonus payments to their employees between Dhanteras and Lakshmi Pujan. [43][44] The term is derived from the Sanskrit words dīpa, "lamp, light, lantern, candle, that which glows, shines, illuminates or knowledge"[45] and āvali, "a row, range, continuous line, series". According to a Government of Himachal Pradesh and India publication, the Vishvakarma puja is observed on the fourth day of Diwali in the Himalayan state. You may say Happy Birthday in different language, but the meaning will stay the same: love. He want to wish his brother. He explained that though the actual Hindu festival day is the same, it is identified differently in regional calendars because there are two traditions in the Hindu calendar. [144] On this day the womenfolk of the family gather, perform a puja with prayers for the well being of their brothers, then return to a ritual of feeding their brothers with their hands and receiving gifts. The day also marks a major shopping day to purchase new utensils, home equipment, jewellery, firecrackers, and other items. Essay by Jose P. Rizal. [112], Rituals and preparations for Diwali begin days or weeks in advance, typically after the festival of Dusshera that precedes Diwali by about 20 days. [137][138] In another interpretation, it is thought to reference the legend of Parvati and her husband Shiva playing a game of dyuta (dice) on a board of twelve squares and thirty pieces, Parvati wins. Happy Birthday in Different Languages: A birthday is a perfect day to take the opportunity to spread your love and cheer for your loved ones. 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