Scientific Name : Ocimum basillicum There are many varieties of Ocimum basillicum as well as several related species or hybrids also called basil. [11] Perilla seeds contain about 38-45% lipid. Skip. The leaves of the lettuce basil are four inches wide and between six and ten inches long. sawleaf herb = ngo gai Substitutes: cilantro (very similar flavor) OR mint OR basil: screw pine leaf = screwpine leaf = bai toey =bai touy = pandanus leaf = daun pandan = pandan leaf = kewra = rampe leaf Notes: These sword-shaped leaves are about two feet long.Look for plastic bags of folded leaves among the frozen foods in Asian markets. Fresh green perilla leaves are popular in Korean cuisine. It behaves as an annual if there is any chance of a frost. A wild basil infusion helps to overcome weak digestion. Most culinary and ornamental basils are cultivars of the species Ocimum basilicum, but other species are also grown and there are many hybrids between species. It can, however, be grown even in a basement, under fluorescent lights. [citation needed]. [18][19], Basil suffers from several plant pathogens that can ruin the crop and reduce yield. The leaves are dark green in colour and have a unique double-segmented leaves. [7][9], The name "basil" comes from Latin, basilius, and Greek βασιλικόν φυτόν (basilikón phutón), "royal/kingly plant", possibly because the plant was believed to have been used in production of royal perfumes. The calyx, 3–4 millimetres (0.12–0.16 in) long, consist of upper three sepals and the hairy lower two. [5] The crispa variety is differentiated by leaf and stem colors, which vary from green to red to purple, indicating the presence of anthocyanins. Along with other plants in the genus Perilla, the plant is commonly called "perilla". It has grown in the wild for generations, with locals harvesting it by hand before sun-drying it for spicing meals like pasta and leguminous dishes. Leaves can be harvested from the stem cut off in the summer, as well as from the new stalk and its branches, throughout summer and autumn. The irritation caused by the insect bite leaves the skin inflamed, swollen, hot to touch and sore, often with raised red bumps. Basil is a variation of its actual botanical name, Ocimum Basilium. In the USA, where the plant has become a weed, the plant is known by many names such as perilla mint, beefsteak plant, purple perilla, Chinese basil, wild basil, blueweed, Joseph's coat, wild coleus and rattlesnake weed. A Michelin-starred restaurant in Seoul serves nutty vanilla ice cream whose secret ingredient is perilla oil. As many mints, wild basil has many medicinal qualities. [25], In folk medicine practices, such as those of Ayurveda or traditional Chinese medicine, basil is thought to have therapeutic properties. Basil is popularly recommended as a companion plant to the tomato. Last updated Nov 22, 2020. basil translate: 羅勒(烹飪中用作調味的香草),九層塔. There are many different varieties of O. basilicum, including ():. This search takes into account your taste preferences. [10], The exact taxonomy of basil is uncertain due to the immense number of cultivars, its ready polymorphy, and frequent cross-pollination (resulting in new hybrids) with other members of the genus Ocimum and within the species. Learn more in the Cambridge English-Chinese traditional Dictionary. basil leaves together (perhaps only a millilitre or less). Learn more in the Cambridge English-Chinese traditional Dictionary. 2) Healing Power. The fresh herb can be kept for a short time in plastic bags in the refrigerator, or for a longer period in the freezer, after being blanched quickly in boiling water. Some early research suggests that a holy basil leaf extract might decrease blood sugar in people with type 2 diabetes. Kaffir lime leaves are easily recognisable. Their flavor is somewhere between that of basil and mint. It is sacred to the Hindu God Vishnu, since it is supposed to be his wife Lakshmi in disguise. A poultice of basil … × citriodorum), and holy basil (Ocimum tenuiflorum). It is an annual plant native to Southeast Asia and Indian highlands, and is traditionally grown in the Korean peninsula, southern China, Japan and India as a crop. Although basil grows best outdoors, it can be grown indoors in a pot and, like most herbs, will do best on a sun-facing windowsill. However, holy basil is quite pungent and is rarely eaten raw. It is also called huíhuísū (回回蘇 "Muslim perilla") in Chinese. Some tastes are strong and sweet, while the others are lemony and cinnamon-like. Substitutes: shiso leaves OR grape leaves: lemon basil = bai maengluk = bai manglak = kemangi Notes: This has a lemony flavor, and small, pointed, fuzzy leaves. McCormick Basil Leaves have an aromatic, sweet flavor that blends well with garlic and tomatoes. The flowers are small, white in color and arranged in a terminal spike. There are many different varieties of basil, as shown in the picture above. Common Culinary Herb Name: Vietnamese Basil. If you are asking about Basil that is used in Italian food, that is Italian Basil. thyrsiflora), lemon basil (O. Would you like any meat in the recipe? Basil grows a thick, central taproot. There are texts and other evidence that basil has been cultivated for 5000 years and may have originated in the Hunan region of China. In Korean, it is known as ggaetnip (깻잎) or soyeop (소엽).. It is also referred to as "Korean perilla", due to its extensive cultivation in Korea and use in Korean cuisine. It will grow back the next year if allowed to go to seed. The odour of basil has a fragrant aroma, strong and pliable taste like that of peppermint. According to TCM, the infection is hot in nature. [31] The Bulgarian Orthodox Church, Serbian Orthodox Church, Macedonian Orthodox Church and Romanian Orthodox Church use basil (Bulgarian and Macedonian: босилек; Romanian: busuioc, Serbian: босиљак) to prepare holy water and pots of basil are often placed below church altars. Shop bulk herbs and spices at Mountain Rose Herbs. The type used commonly as a flavor is typically called sweet basil (or Genovese basil), as opposed to Thai basil (O. basilicum var. Please find below many ways to say basil in different languages. Lettuce leaf basil is an Italian basil with a mild flavor. [3][4] Other constituents include: 1,8-cineole, eugenol, and myrcene, among others. To collect perilla seeds, the whole plant is harvested and the seeds are beat out of the plant, before being spread for sun drying. To dispel cold and stop pain An Xi Xiang: Benzoinum: Benzoin: 安息香: To restore consciousness. Basil is another popular microgreen. When soaked in water, the seeds of several basil varieties become gelatinous, and are used in Asian drinks and desserts such as faluda, sharbat-e-rihan, or hột é. Medicinal preparations are made from the leaves, stems, and seeds of the plant. Oil pressed from the seeds was historically used to in lamps. Basil is an annual, or sometimes perennial, herb used for its leaves. Chinese Chicken Salad KitchenAid. nappa cabbage, dry roasted peanuts, fresh lime juice, sesame oil and 10 more. It … Characteristics: Basil is the most commonly used herb in the United States. This famous story inspired John Keats to write his 1814 poem "Isabella, or the Pot of Basil", which was in turn the inspiration for two paintings of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood: John Everett Millais's Isabella in 1849 and in 1868 the Isabella and the Pot of Basil by William Holman Hunt. [citation needed] Perilla seeds are roasted and ground with salt, chilis, and tomatoes to make a savoury side dish or chutney. In Taiwan, people add fresh basil leaves to thick soups. It is called egoma (荏胡麻) in Japanese, and, in Chinese, the plant is called zĭsū (紫苏) or sūzǐ (苏子). I believe that's the herb you are looking for, according to … [12][13][14], The plant was introduced into Korea before the Unified Silla era, when it started to be widely cultivated.[4]. In India, perilla is called silam. [34] The ancient Egyptians and ancient Greeks believed it would open the gates of heaven for a person passing on.[35]. Browse Dictionary. Botanical Family & Herb Name … Bitter Herb – Rau Dắng Vietnamese Herb Name: Rau Dắng. 212,933 suggested recipes. This pantry staple is essential in so many of your family’s favorite recipes, including pizza, pasta, marinara sauce and minestrone. A local preparation in Fukushima Prefecture, called shingorō, consists of half-pounded non-glutinous rice patties, which are skewered, smeared with miso, blended with roasted and ground jūnen seeds, and roasted over charcoal. Translation for 'basil' in the free English-Chinese dictionary and many other Chinese translations. The leaves of the lemon basil are however smaller, very narrow and have slightly jagged edges unlike the curry leaves that has a smoother edge. 九 層 塔. jiǔ céng tǎ. Thai basil has a purple stem, and like other plants in the mint family, the stem is square. Leaf sizes range from 3 cm (1.2 in) to 11 cm (4.3 in) long, and between 1 cm (0.39 in) and 6 cm (2.4 in) wide. Chinese Chicken Salad KitchenAid. However, basil represented hatred in ancient Greece, [30]. Basil is mainly used in the Italian cuisine. Other Common Names: Basil, common basil, garden basil, St. Joseph’s wort, basilicon, joy of the mountain, basilikum (German), basilic (French), lo-le (Chinese), basilika (Swedish), babui tulsi (Hindi), barjiru (Japanese). [6], Contact dermatitis may occur in people handling the leaves or oil. Yes No No Preference. Its leaves are opposite and decussate. Basil is native to India and other tropical regions stretching from Africa to Southeast Asia, but has now become globalized due to human cultivation.[3]. [17], Kkaennip (perilla leaves) as a ssam (wrap) vegetable, Kkaennip-bugak (deep-fried perilla leaves), Kkaennip-jangajji (pickled perilla leaves), Chueo-tang (loach soup) served with chopi and deulkkae (perilla seed) powder, Gamja-ongsimi (potato dough soup) boiled with deulkkae powder, Goguma-sun-deulkkae-muchim (sweet potato stems seasoned with deulkkae powder). Competition and Land-Use Efficiency of Popularly Recommended and Discouraged Crop Mixtures in Biointensive Agriculture Systems", "Blessing of the Waters known as Agiasmos conducted by a Greek Orthodox priest", Basil: Knowing and Growing from the New York Botanical Garden, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Basil&oldid=994326711, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2018, Articles containing Romanian-language text, Articles containing Serbian-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 December 2020, at 03:42. This type of basil holds up well to high-temperature cooking, so don’t be afraid to add it to your favorite stir-fry recipe. Also eat fried chicken with deep-fried basil leaves together ( perhaps only a millilitre or less ) basillicum..., due to its popularity, basil traveled the world along the spice trail mint,... 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