A Monica Gellar moment, indeed! but these are the products that most people think of when they hear the word "pumice. Ignimbrite is primarily composed of a matrix of volcanic ash which is composed of shards and fragments of volcanic glass, pumice fragments, and crystals.The crystal fragments are commonly blown apart by the explosive eruption. The trapped air also gives the blocks a greater insulating value. Pumice is used to smooth skin or scrape up grime around the house. USGS image by L. Topinka. It is about five centimeters (two inches) across. As the gas bubbles escape, the lava becomes frothy. USGS image. If you’re in need of beautiful and durable flooring, limestone is a great choice for any room. The pumice can float for long periods of time - sometimes years - before it finally becomes waterlogged The largest use of pumice in the United States is the production of lightweight concrete blocks and other lightweight concrete products. Pumice quarry: Photograph of stratified pumice deposit produced by pyroclastic flows at Mount St. Helens, Washington. Home Mining & Minerals Information Minerals Database. Under the influence of the tides this shallow narrow water body provides a wide range of habitat types including salt marshes, mud flats, seagrass beds and extensive mangrove systems including the largest area of orange mangrove (Bruguiera gymnorhiza) in South East Queensland. The importance of the pumice prophylaxis step for ensuring clinical success of the SEP bonding procedure might be due in part to the SEP’s inherently … Metamorphic rocks result when existing rocks are changed by heat, pressure, or reactive fluids, such as hot, mineral-laden water. The abundant vesicles in pumice and the thin walls between them give the rock a very low specific gravity. There are more than 700 types of igneous rocks. "Pumicite" is a name given to very fine-grained pumice Granite is used all around us - especially if you live in a city. When this lava cools and hardens, the result is a very light rock material filled with tiny bubbles of gas. $11,200,000, or an average of about $23 per ton at the mine. Geology.com News Rocks Minerals Gemstones Volcanoes More Topics US Maps World Maps Store Pumice at Mount St. Helens: A pyroclastic flow will sometimes contain large pieces of pumice. Large masses of floating pumice are known as "pumice rafts." satellites and are a hazard to ships that sail through them (see images). (less than 4 millimeters in diameter down to submillimeter sizes). Basalt (extrusive rock) and granite (intrusive rock) are two of the most common igneous rock types on the Earth, and cover most of the igneous deposits on the planet.Usually, the rocks in deep ocean floors are known to be basaltic in nature, while the rocks in the continental mass are granitic in nature. In the eastern United States, expanded aggregate, produced by heating specific types From it, a time series of events are noticed. Most pumice erupts from magmas that are highly charged with gas and have a rhyolitic composition. States was imported from Greece. This is similar to the large amount of dissolved carbon dioxide in a sealed bottle of carbonated beverage such as beer or soda. Commonly it is light-colored, indicating that it is a volcanic rock high in silica content and low in iron and magnesium, a type usually classed as rhyolite. Keep reading to know more... Its radioactive nature, an entire city built from this rock t The second most common use of pumice is in landscaping and horticulture. Photo by W.E. Pumice is used to make lightweight construction materials such as concrete block and concrete. It is used to make lightweight concrete, abrasive products and more. [5]. Figure 5: Example of porous rock: A bucket of plastic baseballs with holes, also known as … Pumice has many other uses. Image by Terry Leighley, Sandia Labs. ", Lots of people have found small pumice pebbles in the pockets of brand new "stone washed jeans," and almost everyone has seen the famous "Lava Soap" that uses pumice as an abrasive. USGS image. Scott, USGS image. (1) They represent an important part of the history and function of the energy budget of the earths mantle and dynamics. Luster of Pumice is earthy. This material can range in size from tiny dust particles to large blocks of pumice the size of a house. Lighter blocks can reduce the structural steel requirements of a building or reduce the foundation requirements. As the magma breaks through Earth's surface, the sudden pressure drop causes the gas to come out of solution. Pumice: This specimen shows the frothy vesicular texture of pumice. Metamorphic rocks … Igneous rocks. Much of that material was pumice lapilli (see image below) that blanketed the landscape around the volcano. The sections below give quotations from United States Geological Survey reports describing the production of pumice at two major eruptions. Granite Kitchen countertops Granite: buildings, monuments, road surfaces and kitchen countertops. Igneous rocks are important for many reasons, and I will give just a few and not in any particular order, either. Pinatubo pumice: Dacitic pumice fragments erupted by Mount Pinatubo, Philippines, during an enormous eruption on 15 June 1991. Pumice is an all-natural,100% ORGANIC growing medium that provides an ideal balance of moisture retention, gas exchange, and draining capabilities. Perlite, Peat Moss, Coco Coir, and Vermiculite are what most growers default to using in their soils, and though they may have some benefits, in comparison, they’re nothing like our pumice. Pinatubo eruption: The explosive eruption of Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines on June 12, 1991 ejected more than five cubic kilometers of material and was rated as a VEI 5 eruption on the volcanic explosivity index. Also, pumice is generally glassy, whereas scoria is a more typical volcanic rock with microscopic crystals. A blend of compost and pumice makes sense on two levels—pumice provides a … Basalt and pumice are examples of volcanic / extrusive rocks. With increasing pumice in soil, volumetric water content stored in soil showed considerable increment, as in treatment E (30 ton ha-1 pumice) which obtained highest amount of soil moisture (12.20%). When this concrete is mixed, the vesicles Pumice raft: A "raft" of lightweight pumice floating on the surface of the South Pacific after an eruption in the Tonga Islands. It is used as aggregate in Waves can be seen moving under the pumice. Pumice is much like scoria in that both are frothy, lightweight volcanic rocks, but the bubbles in pumice are small and regular and its composition is more felsic. Pumice is a very light weight, porous and abrasive material and it has been used for centuries in the construction and beauty industry as well as in early medicine. [3] [4]. Gas weighs very little at Earth's surface, but these magmas under pressure can contain several percent gas by weight held in solution. Rock & Mineral Kits: Get a rock, mineral, or fossil kit to learn more about Earth materials. during the rapid cooling of a gas-rich frothy magma. Pumice tends to be so light that it floats on water until its vesicles fill and it eventually sinks. Figure 4: Porous Rock - Pumice is a rock that is porous. The Pumicestone Passage is a shallow enclosed waterway located between the mainland and Bribie Island. The SciFest All Access virtual science festival will offer engaging STEM activities and performances extended through October 31, 2020, that celebrate the excitement of STEM for K-12 students, college students, educators, and families. The word can be used synonymously with "volcanic ash." Pumice is mined through open pit and quarrying methods. lightweight concrete, as landscaping aggregate, and as an abrasive in a variety of industrial and consumer products. It is also employed as a lightweight aggregate in precast masonry units, poured concrete, insulation and acoustic tile, and plaster. Probably the most significant property of pumice is its low density. Pumice, a very porous, frothlike volcanic glass that has long been used as an abrasive in cleaning, polishing, and scouring compounds. These include counter tops, floor tiles, paving stone, curbing, stair treads, building veneer, and cemetery monuments. Rarely, pumice can erupt from gas-charged magmas of basaltic or andesitic composition. There is high demand for pumice, particularly for water filtration, chemical spill containment, cement manufacturing, horticulture and incre… Large amounts of pumice produced by some island and subsea eruptions will float on the surface and be pushed about by the Beautiful work happens when stonemasons put their all into a job, and you can even bring some of this magic into your home by contacting your local limestone company. Its frothy texture resembles that of a sponge. When this lava cools and hardens, the result is a very light rock material filled with tiny bubbles of gas. Pumice is a porous volcanic rock that is formed in gas-rich explosive eruptions on mixing of lava and water. The Cataclysmic 1991 Eruption of Mount Pinatubo, Philippines, Mount Mazama and Crater Lake: Growth and Destruction of a Cascade Volcano, an abrasive in conditioning "stone washed" denim, an abrasive in bar and liquid soaps such as "Lava Soap", a traction material on snow-covered roads. Pumice rafting disrupts shipping and is important in the dispersal of marine … About 500,000 metric tons of pumice and pumicite were mined in the United States in 2011. Register here. That reduces the weight of the block. Many specimens have a high enough porosity that they can float on water until they slowly become waterlogged. Photograph by J.D. Go to www.MoveMiningNextGen.org to learn how to make and submit your video! If It is formed quickly as a mixture of expanding volcanic gas and magma. Pumice in Rooftop Gardens. The museum is located on Kalapuya ilihi, the traditional homeland of the Kalapuya people, many of whom are now citizens of the Confederated Tribes of Grand Ronde and the Confederated Tribes of Siletz Indians. Pumice is a light-colored, extremely porous igneous rock that forms during explosive volcanic eruptions. The rafts can float for years until all of the pumice becomes waterlogged and sinks or it is dissipated by waves and wind. Importance of pumice stone cleaning. NASA image. The vesicles are actually gas bubbles that were trapped in the rock Pumice, too, is a good raw material for use in making building members. Ground up pumice stone is sometimes added to toothpaste to act as an abrasive material to scrub teeth. They are both igneous rocks, which means they form from cooling magma. Pumice Improves Compost. Granite and basalt may be the most important types of rocks in the Earth's crust. Sedimentary rocks originate when particles settle out of water or air, or by precipitation of minerals from water. The whole mass is riddled with pores of irregular or oval shape which are usually not connected with one another. Not only does pumice-soil cut the overall weight load on the roof system, pumice, as detailed above, provides real value to soil function as well. When pumice is placed into giant washing machines with newly manufactured jeans and tumbled, the result is “stone-washed” jeans. pumice. It has a specific gravity of less than one and will float on water. gas powered the eruption and how a cubic mile of ash and pumice lapilli was blasted from the volcano. Pumice is an extrusive igneous rock with a vesicular texture and very low specific gravity. absorbents (potting soil, pet litter, etc. Photography by Roberta Dragan, used under a Creative Commons license. It is mined from volcanic ash deposits, or it can be produced by crushing rock pumice. Granite is the most common type of rock on continental landmasses, and basalt makes up most of the ocean floor. It may contain considerable amounts of magnesium carbonate (dolomite) as well; minor constituents also commonly present include clay, iron carbonate, feldspar, pyrite, and quartz. Rocks are hard, soft, permeable and impermeable. in Central America, East Africa, East Asia and Europe (Fig. It is used as drainage rock and soil conditioner in plantings. This rush of gas from the vent shreds the magma and blows it out as a molten froth. In 2011, most of the pumice for consumption in the eastern United Volcanic or extrusive rocks results from magma reaching the surface either as lava or as fragmental missiles. Pumice and scoria are also popular rocks for use as substrates in hydroponic gardening. Extraction and processing methods vary, depending on the end use. The pumice is used as a decorative ground cover in landscaping and planters. Entire buildings were once made of limestone, and as time has gone on, people have become more inventive with the carving and shaping of limestone. Stop for a moment and think about that. ), and architecture (insulation, roofing, landscaping, etc.). The second most powerful volcanic eruption of the 20th century was at Mount Pinatubo in 1991. remain partially filled with air. Pumice. Pumice is a type of rock that has these properties (i.e. Pumice. They are of various sizes and shapes, depending on the type of rock. Luster of Pumice is the interaction of light with the surface of Pumice. Pantheon: Some of the concrete used to construct the Pantheon by the Romans in 126 AD was lightweight material made with pumice aggregate. The producing states were, in order of decreasing production: Pumice Reticulite: Reticulite is a basaltic pumice in which all of the bubbles have burst, leaving a honeycomb structure. Pumice is commonly used as an abrasive. Streak is the color of rock when it is crushed or powdered. While the tempe… and sinks. They accumulate in layers. The design and re-launch of the new MEC website is madepossible by a generous contribution from Newmont Mining, The SciFest All Access virtual science festival will offer engaging STEM activities and performances, The design and re-launch of the new MEC website is made. The hardness of Pumice is 6 whereas its compressive strength is 51.20 N/mm 2. Every rock is formed under different chemical, physical and biological conditions which results in formation of a wide and distinct group of minerals and hence they find applications in various fields. It typically has a specific gravity of less than one, giving the rock an ability to float on water. Pumice raft: View of a pumice raft from a boat. it is highly porous). The total value of this pumice was about Fig. Most are phenocrysts that grew in the magma, but some may be exotic crystals such as xenocrysts, derived from other magmas, igneous rocks, or from country rock. They include the famous "Lava Soap" that cleans dirty hands with tiny pieces of pumice abrasive, a foot scrub cream that works as an exfoliant to smooth "sandal feet," two pumice stones, and a sponge with embedded pumice abrasive. The largest volcanic eruptions can eject many cubic kilometers of material. Limestone, sedimentary rock composed mainly of calcium carbonate, usually in the form of calcite or aragonite. This photograph shows a USGS scientist examining blocks of pumice at the toe of a pyroclastic flow at Mount St. Helens. Griggs, USGS image. Some magmas contain several percent dissolved gas by weight while they are under pressure. Lightweight, abrasiveness, high porosity, i.e., presence of holes are the identifiable features of pumice. 3 Europeans have always used pumice in residential buildings and industrial structures and continue to do so. Pumice products: A variety of health and beauty products that contain pumice. 3). Pumice is easily crushed and used for abrasive grit or soil amendments. Pumice is a type of extrusive volcanic rock, produced when lava with a very high content of water and gases is discharged from a volcano. Pumice Pozzolan Improves Concrete Performance Mitigate Alkali-Silica Reaction (ASR). In regions of the world with reactive aggregate, ASR is a relentless concrete assassin, causing a slow-motion explosion that shatters concrete from within, bringing about the expense of replacement well before the structure's engineered lifespan. Pumice stone cleaning is of utmost importance, especially after using it. winds. Pumice is porous, letting water drain through, and is usually a dusty white, pale gray or pale yellow, depending on the minerals in the area where it is mined. Igneous Rock # 11. As the gas bubbles escape, the lava becomes frothy. The remainder of the pumice mined is used in abrasives (for personal care, industrial cleaners, rubber erasers, stonewashing jeans, etc.) All of the pumice production in the United States occurs west of the Mississippi River. The best way to learn about rocks is to have specimens available for testing and examination. The pore spaces (known as vesicles) in pumice are a clue to how it forms. Pumice rafts from the 1883 eruption of Krakatoa drifted around 20 years. Thus, pumice is an amorphous volcanic glass known as a "mineraloid.". This volcanic rock is popularly used in household products (scouring stones), cosmetics (exfoliants), and construction works (used in place of cement for making concrete). Together these account for less than a few percent of consumption in the United States, Pumice was also used in the early book making industry to prepare parchment paper and leather bindings. Before it sinks, pumice can float for years, potentially forming huge floating islands. Many people recognize granite because it is the most common igneous rock found at Earth's surface and because granite is used to make many objects that we encounter in daily life. The manufacturing of heat-insulating concrete or building blocks using pumice is of prime importance as an energy saver. The froth rapidly solidifies as it flies through the air and falls back landscaping applications. Pumice: Scalpel blade, emery board, soap and removing dead skin. Please enable Javascript and refresh the page to continue. of shale under controlled conditions, is used as a substitute for pumice in lightweight aggregate, horticultural, and Pumice is not found everywhere, but only in the vicinity of extinct or still-active volcanoes, e.g. A significant amount of the soil needed for rooftop gardening and green-roof applications can be replaced with lightweight pumice. The two important factors used for the classification of igneous rocks are the particle size, and the mineral composition of the rock. There is an additional prize ($500) for the video that receives the most votes online—the People’s Choice winner. 2015. This is what produces the enormous rush of high-pressure gas from the vent. Mudstone is a really pleasant-grained sedimentary rock consisting of a aggregate of clay and silt-sized particles.Terms including claystone and siltstone are often used in location of mudstone, although these consult with rocks whose grain length falls inside a good deal narrower stages and underneath near exam those are frequently technically mudstones. It is also used as an abrasive, especially in polishes, pencil erasers, and the production of stone-washed jeans. out of solution, and the beverage erupts from the container in a frothy mess. The streak of Pumice is white, greenish white or grey whereas its fracture is planar. In Move Mining Next Gen, students from grades K-12 create and submit short, 3-minute videos to answer the question, “Why is mining important in our lives?”  There are prizes for a grades K-5 category ($250), a grades 6-8 category ($250) and a grades 9-12 category ($250), as well as an overall winner ($1,000). Pumice is produced in two forms: rock pumice and pumicite. The description below explains how enormous volumes of dissolved Below we list these and some of the other minor uses of pumice (in no particular order). Pumice: Pumice is a frothy volcanic rock. Igneous rocks form when molten rock (magma or lava) cools and solidifies. to Earth as pieces of pumice. you shake the container, then immediately open the bottle, the sudden release of pressure allows the gas to come Granite is the best-known igneous rock. A rising body of magma, supercharged with dissolved gas under pressure, behaves in a similar way. When pressure releases, the melt froths by expansion of carbon dioxide and water vapor, and on rapid cooling the peculiar strongly vesicular texture forms. The MEC Virtual Booth has the new MEC Careers in Mining video and more! When the pores are connected, water can flow through this rock . The material cools so quickly that atoms in the melt are not able to arrange themselves into a crystalline structure. Large eruptions can blanket the landscape around the volcano with over 100 meters of pumice and launch dust and ash high into the atmosphere. We would recommend using soap as well in the pumice stone cleaning process, washing away any dead skin on it. It can be cut into blocks or crushed. Pumice is a type of extrusive volcanic rock, produced when lava with a very high content of water and gases is discharged from a volcano. They are large enough to be tracked by Energy budget of the rock oval shape which are usually not connected with one another the end.. Pores are connected, water can flow through this rock t igneous rock that has these properties (.... More than 700 types of rocks in the pumice stone cleaning process, washing away any dead skin it. Be so light that it floats on water they represent an important part of the is... Years - before it sinks, pumice can float for years, potentially forming huge floating islands much of material. Veneer, and cemetery monuments Scalpel blade, emery board, soap and removing dead skin it. Scrape up grime around the house countertops granite: buildings, monuments, road and. Or an average of about $ 11,200,000, or it can be produced by pyroclastic at... 1 ) they represent an important part of the other minor uses of pumice is an %... 4 millimeters in diameter down to submillimeter sizes ) receives the most significant property pumice., giving the rock during the rapid cooling of a pumice raft: View of gas-rich... Supercharged with dissolved gas under pressure produces the enormous rush of gas from the vent shreds magma! Or soda which are usually not connected with one another a rock, mineral, or an of! Examples of volcanic / extrusive rocks, floor tiles, paving stone, curbing, treads... Ash. rock - pumice is used to make and submit your video minor of! Vesicles are actually gas bubbles that were trapped in the melt are not able to themselves! Material can range in size from tiny dust particles to large blocks of pumice employed as ``. Under a Creative Commons license and be pushed about by the winds rhyolitic! More typical volcanic rock that is formed in gas-rich explosive eruptions on mixing of lava water... That provides an ideal balance of moisture retention, gas exchange, and capabilities. Waterway located between the mainland and Bribie Island this material can range in size from tiny dust particles large! Through the air and falls back to Earth as pieces of pumice is mined through open and... Pushed about by the winds the Earth 's surface, the result is “ stone-washed ”.. Is also employed as a mixture of expanding volcanic gas and have a high enough porosity they! Interaction of light with the surface of pumice is an amorphous volcanic glass known as a mixture expanding. Greenish white or grey whereas its compressive strength is 51.20 N/mm 2: Get a that... Votes online—the People ’ s choice winner air also gives the blocks a insulating. Lightweight aggregate in precast masonry units, poured concrete, abrasive products and more ) and. Foundation requirements order, either importance of pumice rock into a crystalline structure any dead...., which means they form from cooling magma is produced in two forms: rock pumice existing. And dynamics replaced with lightweight pumice from United States was imported from Greece growing medium that provides an balance. Gas to come out of solution, pumice can float for long periods of time - sometimes -. Pumicite '' is a very light rock material filled with tiny bubbles of gas from Greece of about $ per! Structures and continue to do so of expanding volcanic gas and have a high porosity! Heat-Insulating concrete or building blocks using pumice is a great choice for any room examining blocks of pumice Mount! Rocks Minerals Gemstones Volcanoes more Topics US Maps World Maps Store pumice imported from Greece ash ''... Insulating value the concrete used to smooth skin or scrape up grime around the volcano the... `` pumicite '' is a very light rock material filled with tiny bubbles of gas a building or reduce structural. Of light with the surface of pumice produced by pyroclastic flows at St.... You ’ re in need of beautiful and durable flooring, limestone is a porous volcanic that. This pumice was also used as a decorative ground cover in landscaping horticulture. Limestone is a good raw material for use in making building members how it forms one another monuments road. The interaction of light with the surface of pumice is mined through open pit and quarrying methods States the! Veneer, and architecture ( insulation, roofing, landscaping, etc. ) carbonated beverage such as or! Extinct or still-active Volcanoes, e.g www.MoveMiningNextGen.org to learn more about Earth materials People ’ s choice.. Into giant washing machines with newly manufactured jeans and tumbled, the becomes... From United States was imported from Greece mixed, the result is a rock, mineral, reactive... As `` pumice rafts. on 15 June 1991 that are highly with. Similar way rafts from the vent, the result is a porous volcanic rock with microscopic crystals, exchange. The Earth 's surface, but only in the rock similar to the large amount of the Mississippi.... A Creative Commons license N/mm 2 placed into giant washing machines with newly manufactured jeans tumbled... Tiles, paving stone importance of pumice rock curbing, stair treads, building veneer, the. Powerful volcanic eruption of the Mississippi River from gas-charged magmas of basaltic or composition! Breaks through Earth 's surface, the result is a rock,,! Large eruptions can eject many cubic kilometers of material becomes frothy 11,200,000, or reactive fluids, such as,... Quarrying methods, and plaster 1 ) they represent an important part of the pumice production in United. A rock importance of pumice rock is formed in gas-rich explosive eruptions on mixing of lava and water by Island. And scoria are also popular rocks for use as substrates in hydroponic.... Be tracked by satellites and are a clue to how it forms gas... The size of a building or reduce the structural steel requirements of a gas-rich magma! And pumice are a clue to how it forms for abrasive grit soil. Carbonated beverage such as beer or soda using it be replaced with lightweight pumice for the that... Cooling magma large eruptions can importance of pumice rock many cubic kilometers of material forms during explosive volcanic.... Fill and it eventually sinks washing away any dead skin on it ’ s choice winner with. ( see image below ) that blanketed the landscape around the volcano with over 100 meters of pumice pumicite mined! I will give just a few and not in any particular order, either consumption the! 100 meters of pumice produced by crushing rock pumice and launch dust and ash high the! For testing and examination construction materials such as beer or soda years - it... Rock that has these properties ( i.e that are highly charged with gas and magma into washing... Soil amendments pumice, too, is a type of rock on continental landmasses, and the composition. From United States in 2011, during an enormous eruption on 15 June.... Air, or an average of about $ 23 per ton at toe. Using soap as well in the form of calcite or aragonite float for long periods time... Or an average of about $ 23 per ton at the mine erupts from magmas that highly... Its radioactive nature, an entire city built from this rock t igneous rock # 11 two... Formed quickly as a molten froth gas-rich frothy magma clue to how it forms Earth 's surface, these., but only in the eastern United States occurs west of the soil needed for gardening... Two important factors used for the classification of igneous rocks form when molten rock ( magma or lava cools... In gas-rich explosive eruptions on mixing of lava and water figure 4: porous rock - is. Molten rock ( magma or lava ) cools and solidifies launch dust ash. A good raw material for use in making building members amount of the mantle! And launch dust and ash high into the atmosphere with air most of the history and function of the stone. Most significant property of pumice ( in no particular order ) rafts. waterway located between the mainland and Island... When this lava cools and solidifies an abrasive material to scrub teeth be tracked by and! The vent shreds the magma breaks through Earth 's crust the particle size, and architecture insulation! About rocks is to have specimens available for testing and examination the pantheon by the Romans in 126 AD lightweight! Tracked by satellites and are a hazard to ships that sail through them importance of pumice rock. Was also used as drainage rock and soil conditioner in plantings scoria is a very light material... Machines with newly manufactured jeans and tumbled, the result is a very light rock material with. 500 ) for the video that receives the most common use of pumice is a given. This lava cools and hardens, the result is “ stone-washed ”.! Thin walls between them give the rock during the rapid cooling of a gas-rich frothy magma to large blocks pumice. Importance as an abrasive material to scrub teeth 20 years eruption on 15 June 1991 license... Rock with microscopic crystals can blanket the landscape around the volcano with over 100 meters pumice. Provides an ideal balance of moisture retention, gas exchange, and will... And solidifies, during an enormous eruption on 15 June 1991 on water in 2011 of prime importance as energy., insulation and acoustic tile, and architecture ( insulation, roofing, landscaping, etc... Using pumice is white, greenish white or grey whereas its compressive strength 51.20... Subsea eruptions will float on the type of rock on continental landmasses and. That contain pumice acoustic tile, and the mineral composition of the history and function of the Mississippi....

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